Jackson-databind Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Technical Analysis

Jackson-databind Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Technical Analysis

August 7, 2019 | Mina Hao
  1. Vulnerability Overview

On June 21, Red Hat officially released a security bulletin to announce the fix for a vulnerability in jackson-dababind. This vulnerability with a CVSS score of 8.1 affects multiple Red Hat products and a sophisticated exploit using this vulnerability is observed in the wild. On July 22, a security researcher named Andrea Brancaleoni published an article to analyze this vulnerability.

This vulnerability is caused by Jackson’s incomplete blacklist. An application that uses jackson-databind will become vulnerable when the enableDefaultTyping method is called via the ObjectMapper object within the application. An attacker can thus compromise the application by sending maliciously crafted JSON input to gain direct control over a server.

Currently, a proof of concept (POC) exploit for this vulnerability has been publicly available. All users who are affected by this vulnerability should upgrade to the latest versions as soon as possible to fix this issue. The following is a successful exploitation of this vulnerability.

Reference:

https://blog.doyensec.com/2019/07/22/jackson-gadgets.html

2.Scope of Impact

Affected Versions

  • Jackson-databind 2.X < 2.9.9.1

Unaffected Versions

  • Jackson-databind 2.9.9.1
  • Jackson-databind 2.10

3.Vulnerability Detection

If the enableDefaultTyping method is called via the ObjectMapper object within an application that uses the jackson-databind component, this application will become vulnerable. Developers are advised to check whether the jackson-databind component is used in applications, and if so, to further check its version number and whether the enableDefaultTyping method is called in the code. The following uses the Maven project as an example to show how to check the use of jackson-databind.

Check whether jackson-databind is included in xml and, if so, whether its version is earlier than 2.9.9.1.

If the answers to the preceding two questions are both “Yes”, check whether the enableDefaultTyping method is called in the code. If so, it is recommended that the component be upgraded immediately and the web application be restarted.

4.Mitigation

  • Official Fix

The vendor has fixed this vulnerability in jackson-databind 2.9.9.1. Users of this software are advised to upgrade to 2.9.9.1 or later as soon as possible to protect against this vulnerability:

Download link: https://github.com/FasterXML/jackson-databind/releases

Developers can upgrade and compile jackson-databind by configuring Maven as follows:

<!– https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.core/jackson-databind –>

<dependency>

<groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>

<artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>

<version>2.9.9.1</version>

</dependency>

 

The new major version (3.x) of jackson-databind will address this issue via a new API layer that provides a way to achieve whitelisting-based serialization for these polymorph classes.

Statement

This advisory is only used to describe a potential risk. NSFOCUS does not provide any commitment or promise on this advisory. NSFOCUS and the author will not bear any liability for any direct and/or indirect consequences and losses caused by transmitting and/or using this advisory. NSFOCUS reserves all the rights to modify and interpret this advisory. Please include this statement paragraph when reproducing or transferring this advisory. Do not modify this advisory, add/delete any information to/from it, or use this advisory for commercial purposes without permission from NSFOCUS.

About NSFOCUS

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