Apache Solr ConfigSet API Upload Function Vulnerability (CVE-2020-13957) Threat Alert

Apache Solr ConfigSet API Upload Function Vulnerability (CVE-2020-13957) Threat Alert

November 3, 2020 | Mina Hao

Overview

Recently, Apache Solr fixed a vulnerability (CVE-2020-13957) in the Configsets API upload function. Attackers could perform unauthorized operations by using a combination of UPLOAD/CREATE actions, which might eventually lead to command execution.

Apache Solr is an enterprise search server that is based on Lucene.

Vulnerability Description

When running Solr in SolrCloud mode, users could create, delete and manage configsets in other ways via Configsets API.

When a configset is uploaded by performing the UPLOAD operation via Configsets API, if authentication is enabled and the upload request has been authenticated, the configset is uploaded in “trusted” mode. Without authentication, the configset is uploaded in “untrusted” mode.

However, when the CREATE operation is performed via Configsets API, a new configset is created based on a configset that has been previously uploaded. The trusted flag of the new configset is not set, but the configset is deemed to be “trusted”.

Thus, when authentication is disabled for upload, if sensitive parameters in ConfigSet configuration files are modified and a new configset is created by performing the CREATE operation, the collection created by the new configset might cause command execution.

Reference link:

https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/SOLR-14925

Affected Versions

  • Apache Solr 6.6.0 – 6.6.5
  • Apache Solr 7.0.0 – 7.7.3
  • Apache Solr 8.0.0 – 8.6.2

Unaffected Versions

  • Apache Solr version >= 8.6.3

Solution

The vendor has provided the new version 8.6.3 to fix the vulnerability, which can be downloaded from the following link: https://lucene.apache.org/solr/downloads.html.

Mitigations (Any of the following methods can defend against the vulnerability):

1.    If the UPLOAD operation is not performed via Configsets API, you can disable the functionality:

Disable the functionality via a runtime parameter -Dconfigset.upload.enabled=false. For details, please click the following link: https://lucene.apache.org/solr/guide/8_6/configsets-api.html.

2.    Enable authentication and authorization by clicking the following link:

https://lucene.apache.org/solr/guide/8_6/authentication-and-authorization-plugins.html.

3.    If you cannot upgrade Solr temporarily, consider applying the patch SOLR-14663

https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/SOLR-14663

4.    Configure firewalls to restrict Solr API (including Admin UI) access to trusted IP addresses and users.

Statement

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