Cybersecurity Insights

2019 Cybersecurity Insights -20

setembro 9, 2020

According to the analysis of geographic distribution of IPv6 attack sources, China had the largest proportion of attack sources (86.76%), followed by the USA (3.97%) and Romania (0.77%).

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -19

setembro 2, 2020

Since the Promoting Scale Deployment of Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) (“Plan”) 1 was published in November 2017, IPv6 deployments in China are on the rise. By June 2019, the number of active IPv6 users had reached 130 million, and 1.207 billion telecom users had been assigned an IPv6 address. At the same time, IPv6 traffic in China in the past year steadily grew. The number of address resources ranked first in the world (47,282 IP address blocks (/32)) by May 2019. Telecom enterprises have made positive efforts to improve network infrastructure. All recursive domain name systems (DNS) of the three telecom magnates support IPv6 domain name resolution. Content delivery network (CDN) enterprises have conducted IPv6 deployments nationwide and have got the capability of accelerating distribution of IPv6 addresses. The transformation of backbone networks, LTE networks, and metropolitan area networks (MANs) has been almost completed2 . With the rapid development of the IPv6 technology, more attention should be paid to security threats in the IPv6 environment. This section describes the threat situation from the perspectives of vulnerabilities and traffic.

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -17

agosto 21, 2020

Threats Against WS-Discovery

WSD is a multicast discovery protocol to locate services on a local area network (LAN). However, due to device vendors’ design flaw in the implementation, when a normal IP address sends a service discovery packet, devices will also respond to the request. If exposed on the Internet, these devices will be possibly exploited for DDoS reflection attacks. In February 2019, security researchers 1 from Baidu published an article 2 about WSD reflection attacks. This is the first report we have read about such attacks. In a post 3 , ZDNet mentioned that WSD reflection attacks were first reported in May, and in August, many organizations began to use this protocol to launch DDoS attacks. According to Akamai, one of its customers in the gaming industry suffered a WSD reflection attack weighing in at 35 Gbps at peak bandwidth.

Around the world, about 910,000 IP addresses (80% (730,000) were video surveillance devices) provided the WSD service and were thus at risk of being exploited to launch DDoS attacks.

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -16

agosto 19, 2020

In this section, we analyzed threats against three major protocols.

Threats Against Telnet

According to data from NSFOCUS’s threat hunting system, Telnet (available on port 23), targeted by a total of 120,000 attack sources, was the IoT protocol most favored by attackers1 . Figure 7-3 shows the activity trend of Telnet attack sources from March to October in 2019. We can see that the number of Telnet-based attacks increased month by month from March to August, with August seeing the most attack sources (over 60,000) that carried out more than 50,000 weak password detection activities. In addition, June witnessed the most sample download activities (more than 40,000). Overall, attack sources were on the decline in the latter half of 2019.

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -15

agosto 12, 2020

Finding 1: In 2019, over 30 types of IoT vulnerability exploits were captured, most of which targeted remote command execution vulnerabilities. Though hundreds of to thousands of IoT vulnerabilities are unveiled each year, only a few can exert an extensive impact. Attackers were keen on targeting devices (routers and video surveillance devices) exposed in large quantities, in a bid to broaden their influence.

Finding 2: IoT devices, especially cameras and routers, were major targets of Telnet weak password cracking attacks.

Finding 3: Since security researchers from Baidu disclosed that the Web Services Dynamic Discovery (WSD) protocol could be exploited for DDoS reflection attacks, there has been a notable increase in reflection attack events based on this protocol in the latter half of 2019. Since mid-August, WSD reflection attacks captured by us have been on the rise. Worse still, September has witnessed a sharp increase in such attacks. All parties concerned, including security vendors, service providers, and telecom carriers, should pay due attention to this type of threats.

Finding 4: Approximately 2.28 million IoT devices (port 1900) worldwide had the UPnP/SSDP service publicly accessible and were thus at risk of being exploited to launch DDoS attacks, an decrease of 22% from 2018.The UPnP port mapping service, exposed on about 390,000 IoT devices, was likely to be abused as a proxy or render intranet services accessible on the extranet.

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -14

agosto 5, 2020

Malware Threats from Mobile Platforms

Nowadays, smartphones are ubiquitous. Android, as a widely used mobile operating system, is vulnerable to an increasing large number of malware families owing to its openness and privilege issues. Such malware can even be spread via legal channels, including Google Store.

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -13

julho 29, 2020

Cryptojacking Malware

In 2019, the pickup in cryptocurrency prices led to an increase in the number of cryptojacking malware families. Of all these families, Monero mining trojans still took a dominant place. EternalBlue and weak password cracking were the major methods for ransomware families to compromise large enterprises in financial and telecom sectors and spread themselves. At the same time, to defeat detection devices, cryptojacking malware families have been constantly upgraded to evolve into more variants that feature better stealth and a modular design.

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -12

julho 22, 2020

Ransomware

In 2019, ransomware was still a major type of threats that haunted people around the world. The most prominent families were GlobeImposter, GandCrab, and WannaCry, which were extremely active and had far more variants than others. According to NSFOCUS Security Labs’ observation, the number of ransomware families and variants increased sharply in four months from May to August 2019, which was somewhat attributable to the soaring prices of major cryptocurrency types. These families used diverse compromise methods to attack a wide variety of sectors, posing a severe threat to organizations’ and individuals’ data. Through ongoing monitoring, NSFOCUS Security Labs finds that the following trends of ransomware took shape in 2019:

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -11

julho 15, 2020

Cryptomining Traffic

Based on all sorts of security alert data from NSFOCUS Managed Security Service (MSS), we made a quantitative analysis of cryptomining activities and hosts in enterprises in 2019 and found that the cryptomining topicality is positively correlated with the cryptomining market trend.

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2019 Cybersecurity Insights -10

julho 10, 2020

Second Largest Gang by the Number of Attack Sources

The second largest gang in terms of the number of attack sources generated the largest traffic. This gang had 23,000 recidivists and favored volumetric SYN flood attacks. According to historical attack records, 99.54% of recidivists had resorted to this kind of attack. This gang stayed active from January to October and was at its busiest in May.

Figure 5-14 shows the monthly quantity trend of attack sources and attack targets of this gang. We can see that this gang remained active from January to October, having more attack sources in January, April, May, and June. On average, 6000 active attack sources launched attacks against seven targets each month.

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