Microsoft released December 2020 security updates on Tuesday which fix 58 vulnerabilities ranging from simple spoofing attacks to remote code execution, including 9 critical vulnerabilities, 47 important vulnerabilities, and two moderate vulnerabilities. All users are advised to install updates without delay.
These vulnerabilities affect Azure DevOps, Azure SDK, Azure Sphere, Microsoft Dynamics, Microsoft Edge, Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft Graphics Component, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office SharePoint, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows DNS, Visual Studio, Windows Backup Engine, Windows Error Reporting, Windows Hyper-V, Windows Lock Screen, Windows Media, and Windows SMB.
Description of Critical and Important Vulnerabilities
Some critical and important vulnerabilities are described as follows:
- Microsoft Exchange Remote Code Execution Vulnerabilities (CVE-2020-17132, CVE-2020-17142)
The vulnerabilities occur due to improper validation of cmdlet arguments. An authenticated attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to remotely execute code without user interaction.
According to Microsoft, the CVSS base score of these critical vulnerabilities is 3.0 9.1/8.2:
- Microsoft SharePoint Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2020-17121)
The vulnerability allows an authenticated attacker to execute arbitrary .NET code on the SharePoint Web application server. In its default configuration, authenticated SharePoint users can create sites that provide the necessary permissions which happen to be a prerequisite for launching an attack.
According to Microsoft, the CVSS base score of this critical vulnerability is 3.0 8.8/7.7:
- Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2020-17095)
An attacker who can execute crafted software on the Hyper-V client machine may execute arbitrary code on the Hyper-V host machine by sending vSMB packets to the Hyper-V host machine.
According to Microsoft, the CVSS base score of this critical vulnerability is 3.0 8.5/7.4:
- Microsoft Exchange 2010 Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2020-17144)
The vulnerability occurs due to improper validation of cmdlet arguments. It allows authenticated attackers to remotely execute code.
According to Microsoft, the CVSS base score of this important vulnerability is 3.0 8.4/7.6:
- Windows NTFS Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2020-17096)
Local attackers could exploit this vulnerability to escalate privileges by running crafted applications. Remote attackers with SMBv2 access to a vulnerable system could send crafted requests over a network to exploit this vulnerability and execute code on the target system.
According to Microsoft, the CVSS base score of this important vulnerability is 3.0 7.5/6.5:
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