Analysis of 2020 H1 Botnet and Honeypot-captured Threat Trends-1

outubro 16, 2020


In the distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) botnet activities in 2020 H1, most were from Mirai, Gafgyt, and other major families.

In 2020 H1, DDoS attack means were dominated by UDP floods, CC, and TCP floods.

In 2020 H1, Hostwinds, Digital Ocean, and OVH were the major hosted cloud service providers of C&C servers. We predict that it will remain unchanged in 2020 H2.

In the same period, 128 types of vulnerabilities were detected to be spread and exploited by the Internet of Things (IoT) trojans. Of all these vulnerabilities, CVE-2017-17215 (in Huawei HG532 routers), CVE-2014-8361 (Realtek rtl81xx SDK remote code execution vulnerability), and ThinkPHP remote code execution vulnerability were the most frequently exploited.

Through NSFOCUS’s threat hunting system, we have kept an eye on a botnet specializing in Monero cryptomining for a long time. The botnet intrudes upon hosts by cracking weak passwords and gains control privileges by implanting bot programs. Meanwhile, it downloads and executes Monero cryptomining scripts via the downloader for malicious cryptomining. The cryptomining botnet became increasingly active in 2020 H1, involving a total of 20,830 active bots. China was the country with the most bots, which were as many as 8304, accounting for 40% of the total. Port 22 was opened on 13,664 bots, approximately 66% of all bots. According to known asset intelligence, routers and cameras were dominant device types reduced to bots.



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